The Cabinet has approved November 6, 2015, the proposal of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the State Plan for Waste Management Framework (MARP) 2016-2022, which sets the strategic guidelines and the measures necessary to move towards the so-called circular economy and boost preparation for reuse and recycling.
The ultimate goal of the Plan, as well as that of EU waste policy is to turn Spain into an efficient society in the use of resources, progress towards a circular economy. It is, ultimately, to replace a linear economy based on production, consumption and pulling, by a circular economy in which to re-enter the production process and over the materials containing the waste to produce new products or commodities .
This plan, which is the instrument to guide waste policy in Spain in the next six years, will promote actions that provide better environmental results and to ensure that Spain complies with the legal objectives of waste management.
Among these objectives, it noted for its relevance the recycling of household and similar waste: 2020 should be devoted to preparation for reuse and recycling 50% of waste. Using data from 2012, Spain stands at 29% of municipal waste recycled.
NEST OF WASTE AS A PRIORITY
The PEMAR applies the principle of hierarchy established in the EU waste legislation, to reduce the disposal of waste -mainly through vertedero- deposit, by increasing the preparation for reuse, recycling and other forms of recovery, including energy recovery. To achieve this, the bet Plan to increase separate waste, especially in relation to the fraction of bio municipal waste collection.
The Marco State Plan consists of 25 chapters, 15 of them dedicated to specific waste streams with regulations. For all of them, describes the applicable rules and objectives, as well as the evolution of management in recent years and its current situation and sets out objectives and guidelines and strategic lines to get them.
It also highlights the need to continue working in coordination with all competent authorities in this area, to improve information and transparency in the field of waste and harmonizing rates and the use of economic instruments to avoid barriers between regions.
In addition, commitment to strengthen, enhance and coordinate the activities of inspection, control and surveillance, allocate human and financial resources for more and better communication and awareness and promote the use of materials from waste. The Plan also incorporates the guidance and structure to be adjusted to the regional waste management plans.
To ensure compliance with the objectives at the national level, the Plan provides generally that the autonomous communities meet these goals with the waste generated in its territory. Likewise the regional plans, may establish the contribution of local authorities, independently or collectively, to fulfill the objectives applicable to municipal waste competition.
ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC BENEFITS
Along with the environmental benefits of the Plan (protecting human health, natural resources and climate), this initiative also brings social and economic benefits associated with increased economic activity related to waste, the increased availability of raw materials safely and job creation arising from the promotion of preparation for re-use and recycling.
According to estimates by the European Commission, if all current regulations applied in waste over 400,000 jobs would be created in the European Union, of which 52,000 would be located in Spain.
See PEMAR 2016-2020