Last February 20 was approved by the Cabinet the new Royal Decree 110/2015 on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), which the guidelines set by the European Union Directive 2012/19 / EU are transposed July 4, 2012. It is a decree process it has taken more than two years due to its importance and complexity, and involving many stakeholders and government.
The text regulates in detail virtually all phases of the management of WEEE, among which include measures to improve the traceability of these residues and their technical requirements of treatment. It also regulates the obligations of the various stakeholders, collection, preparation for reuse and the specific treatment, transfers, authorization and communication, extended producer responsibility, the reporting obligations to the government, coordination of administrations and the system of inspection, monitoring and control.
The main objective is to collect separately 85% of WEEE generated from 2019 and treated valuing at least between 70% and 85% of its weight, by categories residues. Specific objectives of preparing for the reuse of between 2% and 3% from 2017 are also established.
Another innovation of the adopted rule is that stores selling electrical and electronic equipment must accept free devices and used small, like mobile phones, if they have an establishment of over 400 square meters, without the consumer has to buy another one in return. Moreover, the sale of these devices through the Internet must also ensure that they can deliver the waste generated, as in physical stores.
It is hoped that this standard troubleshoot the previous Royal Decree that only 30% of WEEE reached the approved plants. Also to ensure that waste is treated in facilities that are authorized to raise levels of recovery and prevent negative impacts on health and the environment.
WEEE containing hazardous materials and substances valuable so we have to treat them specifically to a process that begins at the premises of municipal collection and recycling centers and involving shops specifics authorized and empowered by the manufacturers.
The new legislation also encourages waste prevention of this type and committed preparation techniques for reuse offering restarting on the market the same product that has been repaired, ie turn what could be a residue a new device that can be reused. The whole process takes several requirements for managers to ensure that the preparation for reuse is performed properly.
In Spain the waste sector represents 27% of total employment of this type and it is estimated that the preparation for reuse of WEEE could generate 4,700 direct jobs, which should be included in the rules everything related to guarantees health, environmental friendliness and satisfactory results for end consumers of the "new" products.
The issue of improving the control and supervision of such waste by the government is also included in the new Royal Decree. The goal is to create an electronic platform, financed by the MAGRAMA and producers, which are provided with all data collection and management of WEEE. Office allocation collected which will be supervised by government that are involved will also be created.
The results of this campaign for the sound management of waste are required level of autonomy, not only nationally as was done so far and parameters are set as, for example, the number of inhabitants of an autonomous region for the inspection and control of more detailed and precise.
The new legislation also includes the technical requirements for communities to approve permits for treatment plants of this waste, in order to bring together and unify treatments and procedures to be followed in Spain.
See RD 110/2015